Mortgage bonds are among the largest types of bonds that are offered by financial institutions in the market today. Because of this, any changes in the economic market has a direct effect on the value of mortgage bonds which then influences the various mortgage rates that are applied on a mortgage taken out by a borrower. In fact, any activity that has a connection with bonds offered by various institutions would have an effect on the amount of interest rates that the US Government permits financial institutions to apply on mortgages or loans approved.
More for Less
Financial analysts have determined that the demand for mortgage bonds in the United States have had a converse effect on the amount of the interest rate charged by financial institutions and creditors to borrowers who are looking to take out a loan or a mortgage. By this, it only means that as the demand for mortgage bonds increases, the amount of interest rate charged by these institutions to those people who are taking out a mortgage or a loan. This is because a higher demand of bonds is able to provide these institutions the funds and capital it needs in order to compensate them in the event that the borrower defaults on the repayment schedule for one reason or another. As such, financial institutions are then more confident to lower the interest rates applied to their various loan and mortgage programs. In turn, more people who are seeking for financial assistance are able to avail of a mortgage program that would provide them the needed funds while being still viewing the repayment schedule to be within their budget.
On the other hand, when the demand of bonds diminishes, the reverse happens. Since there is a potential for the financial institution might incur losses in the event that a borrower would default in the repayment schedule, the interest rate imposed by these institutions increases.
The Role of the Investor
The ability of the mortgage bond to influence the amount of interest charged by a financial institution can be traced to the investor. Investors are constantly in the search of potential investments that promises low capitals with high returns at a short period of time. When the mortgage bonds offered by a particular financial institution is able to provide these needs, investors would be more than happy to put their money into the bonds offered by the financial institutions, causing an increase in the demand for bonds of that particular financial institution. On the other hand, if the mortgage bonds that is offered by a financial institution does not provide the high returns an investor is hoping to get, not only would this cause the investor to pull out the capital he or she initially invested in the mortgage bonds. This sudden pull out would cause more potential investors to become apprehensive in investing their money into these mortgage funds.
This being the case, financial institutions would, from time to time, modify the bonds it offers to potential investors to make them attractive enough to encourage investors to invest in these bonds instead of investing their money elsewhere. One way they do this is to increase the interest rates that would be applied on the capital placed in for the acquisition of the mortgage bonds in order to provide the investor a higher return rate.
The Role of Financial Institutions
Financial institutions also play a role in contributing to the manner on how mortgage bonds influence interest rates. This is because it is the decisions made by the financial institutions with regards to the mortgage bonds offered to potential investors that would, in turn, hold the key to whether or not the mortgage bonds would be attractive to potential investors or otherwise. Financial institutions would need to provide a sense of balance to the different needs of investors who are looking into taking out a mortgage bond, while ensuring that they do not incur any losses. This is determined through the interest rates that are imposed by these financial institutions on the mortgage bonds offered to investors.
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Robert_A._Dallas